The foraging behavior of greater short-nosed fruit bats (Cynopterus sphinx) on wild banana (Musa acuminata) and subsequent dispersal of seeds were studied in theTropicalRainforest Conservation Area,XishuangbannaTropicalBotanicalGarden, Yunnan province, by direct observation of marked fruits, mist netting, and seed collection. The mean number (± SE) of individualC. sphinxcaptured by mist net were 2.2 ± 0.33/day and 1.4 ± 0.32/day in the rainy season (September to October) and dry season (November to December), respectively; the difference was not significant. The number of seed pellets expelled was 9.0 ± 1.12/day and 7.2 ± 1.37/day in the rainy and dry seasons respectively; again the difference was not significant. The removal curves for marked fruit were similar for 10 focal trees. Fruits were consumed heavily within two weeks after ripening and all the marked fruit were removed within one month. The difference in seed dispersal was significant between different feeding roosts indicating that patterns of seed dispersal may not be uniform. We found the seeds ofM. acuminatacan be dispersed byC. sphinxto a distance of about 200 m, andC. sphinxcan be considered as an effective seed disperser ofM. acuminata.