Advanced   Register
XTBG OpenIR  > 动植物关系组  > 期刊论文

title: Diet composition and foraging ecology of Asian elephants in Shangyong, Xishuangbanna, China
author: Jin Chen;  Xiaobao Deng;  Ling Zhang;  Zhilin Bai
Issued Date: 2006
Abstract: The composition of the diet and the foraging ecology of the Asian elephant in its natural habitat were studied from 1998 to 2000 in the Shangyong National Natural Reserve located at Xishuangbanna, China, using field observation and dung analysis. A total of 106 plant species were recorded as being eaten by Asian elephants, 83 of which were identified in the elephants' dung. The plant families that contributed to a major proportion of the elephants' diet in the study area were: Gramineae (8 spp., 10.0%), Moraceae (7 spp., 9.9%), Papilionaceae (4 spp., 8.4%), Araliaceae (3 spp., 6.6%), Vitaceae (3 spp., 5.7%), Apocynaceae (3 spp., 4.6%), Musaceae (1 spp., 4.2%), Zingiberaceae (3 spp., 3.7%), Myrsinaceae (3 spp., 3.6%), Rosaceae (3 spp., 3.6%), Euphorbiaceae (5 spp., 3.3%), Ulmaceae (2 spp., 3.0%) and Mimosaceae (4 spp., 2.9%). The most important plants in the elephants' diet were Ficus spp. (Moraceae, 9.0%), Dendrocalamus spp. (Gramineae, 4.5%), Musa acuminata (Musaceae, 4.2%), Microstegium ciliatum (Gramineae, 3.5%) and Amalocalyx yunnanensis (Apocynaceae, 3.1%). Asian elephants consumed a variety of plants in terms of life forms, including trees, vines, shrubs and herbs. Early successional plant species constitute a higher proportion of the diet than late successional plants (42 spp. taking 59% vs. 32 spp. taking 37%). Browsing species accounted for a larger proportion of the diet compared to grazing species (77 spp. taking 91% vs. 6 spp. taking 9%). The number of plant taxa (species, genus, family) in elephants' diet each month negatively correlated with monthly rainfall and mean temperature. The study may help to develop proper strategies for wildlife management especially with regard to the human-elephant conflict, which is now a serious issue in the conservation of Asian elephants in this area.
Source: Acta Ecologica Sinica
Appears in Collections:动植物关系组_期刊论文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
Diet composition and foraging ecology of Asian elephants in Shangyong, Xishuangbanna, China.pdf245KbAdobe PDFView  Download


全文许可: Creative Commons 署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 3.0

Recommended Citation:
Jin Chen,Xiaobao Deng,Ling Zhang,et al. Diet Composition And Foraging Ecology Of Asian Elephants In Shangyong, Xishuangbanna, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2006,26(2):309-316.

SCI Citaion Data:
Service
 Recommend this item
 Sava as my favorate item
 Show this item's statistics
 Export Endnote File
Google Scholar
 Similar articles in Google Scholar
 [Jin Chen]'s Articles
 [Xiaobao Deng]'s Articles
 [Ling Zhang]'s Articles
CSDL cross search
 Similar articles in CSDL Cross Search
 [Jin Chen]‘s Articles
 [Xiaobao Deng]‘s Articles
 [Ling Zhang]‘s Articles
Scirus search
 Similar articles in Scirus
Related Copyright Policies
Null
Social Bookmarking
  Add to CiteULike  Add to Connotea  Add to Del.icio.us  Add to Digg  Add to Reddit 
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 
评注功能仅针对注册用户开放,请您登录
您对该条目有什么异议,请填写以下表单,管理员会尽快联系您。
内 容:
Email:  *
单位:
验证码:   刷新
您在IR的使用过程中有什么好的想法或者建议可以反馈给我们。
标 题:
 *
内 容:
Email:  *
验证码:   刷新

Items in IR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

 

Valid XHTML 1.0!
Powered by CSpace