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title: CO2 efflux under different grazing managements on subalpine meadows of Shangri-La, Northwest Yunnan Province, China
author: Wang Jun;  Sha Liqing;  Li Jianzhou;  Feng Zhili
Issued Date: 2008
Abstract: Soil carbon stored on the Tibetan Plateau appears to be stable under current temperature, but it may be sensitive to global warming. In addition, different grazing systems may alter carbon emission from subalpine meadow ecosystems in this region. Using a chamber-closed dynamic technique, we measured ecosystem respiration (ER) and soil respiration (SR) rates with an infrared gas analyzer on a perennial grazing meadow (PM) and a seasonal grazing meadow (SM) of Shangri-La in the Hengduan Mountain area. Both PM and SM showed strong unimodal seasonal variations, with the highest rates in July and the lowest in January. Significant diurnal variations in respiration were also observed on PM, affected mainly by air and soil temperatures, with the highest rates at 14:00 and the lowest before dawn. Both ER and SR rates were higher on PM than on SM from June to October, suggesting that the higher grazing pressure on PM increased respiration rates on subalpine meadows. The exponential model F = aebT of soil temperature (T) explained the variation in respiration better than the model of soil moisture (W) (R2 = 0.50–0.78, P < 0.0001), while the multiple model F = aebTWc gave better simulations than did single-factor models (R2 = 0.56–0.89, P < 0.0001). Soil respiration was the major component of ER, accounting for 63.0%–92.7% and 47.5%–96.4% of ER on PM and SM, respectively. Aboveground plant respiration varied with grass growth. During the peak growing season, total ecosystem respiration may be dominated by this above-ground component. Long-term (annual) Q10 values were about twice as large as short-term (one day) Q10. Q10 at different time scales may be controlled by different ecological processes. The SM had a lower long-term Q10 than did the PM, suggesting that under increased temperature, soil carbon may be more stable with reduced grazing pressure.
Source: Acta Ecologica Sinica
Appears in Collections:全球变化研究组_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Wang Jun,Sha Liqing,Li Jianzhou,et al. Co2 Efflux Under Different Grazing Managements On Subalpine Meadows Of Shangri-la, Northwest Yunnan Province, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2008,25(8):3574-3583.

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