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Effects of Seasonal and Perennial Grazing on Soil Fauna Community and Microbial Biomass Carbon in the Subalpine Meadows of Yunnan, Southwest China
Liu Shengjie; Yang Xiaodong; Ives, Anthony R.; et al
2017
Source PublicationPEDOSPHERE
Volume27Issue:2Pages:371-379
AbstractGrazing and over-grazing may drive changes in the diversity and functioning of below-ground meadow ecosystems. A field soil survey was conducted to compare microbial biomass carbon (C-min) and soil fauna communities in the two main grassland management systems in subalpine regions of Yunnan Province, China: perennial grazing currently practiced due to increasing herd sizes and traditional seasonal grazing. A three-year exclosure experiment was then conducted to further compare the effects of different grazing practices, including treatments of no mowing, perennial grazing (NM G), mowing followed by seasonal grazing (M G), mowing and no grazing (M NG), and no mowing or grazing (NM NG). The comparative survey result revealed that Cmin and total density of soil fauna were significantly lower at a perennially grazed site than at a seasonally grazed site. The experiment results showed that in comparison to non-grazing treatments (M NG and NM NG), grazing (NM G and M G) reduced total fauna density (by 150 individuals m(-2)) and the number of taxonomic groups present (by 0.32 taxa m(-2)). Mowing decreased Cmin (by 0.31 mg g(-1)). Furthermore, the NM G treatment (perennial grazing) had the lowest density of Collembola (16.24 individuals m(-2)), one of the two most common taxonomic groups, although other taxonomic groups responded differently to the treatments. Treatment effects on soil fauna were consistent with those on above-ground grasses, in which C:N ratios were greatly reduced by grazing, with this effect being the greatest for the NM G treatment. In contrast, different grazing treatments had little effect on C:N ratio of soil. Furthermore, the traditional grazing method (mowing followed by seasonal grazing) may have less severe effects on some taxonomic groups than perennial grazing. Therefore, an appropriate management should aim to protect soil fauna and microbes in this area from over-grazing and against further degration.
KeywordGrass Nutrient Meadow Ecosystems Mowing Plant And Animal Communities Soil Microbes Over-grazing
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/10386
Collection土壤生态组
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu Shengjie,Yang Xiaodong,Ives, Anthony R.,et al. Effects of Seasonal and Perennial Grazing on Soil Fauna Community and Microbial Biomass Carbon in the Subalpine Meadows of Yunnan, Southwest China[J]. PEDOSPHERE,2017,27(2):371-379.
APA Liu Shengjie,Yang Xiaodong,Ives, Anthony R.,&et al.(2017).Effects of Seasonal and Perennial Grazing on Soil Fauna Community and Microbial Biomass Carbon in the Subalpine Meadows of Yunnan, Southwest China.PEDOSPHERE,27(2),371-379.
MLA Liu Shengjie,et al."Effects of Seasonal and Perennial Grazing on Soil Fauna Community and Microbial Biomass Carbon in the Subalpine Meadows of Yunnan, Southwest China".PEDOSPHERE 27.2(2017):371-379.
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