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NATURALIZATION OF THE BODHI FIG TREE ( Ficus religiosa L. -Moraceae) IN BRAZIL
Machado Vianna-Filho, Marcelo Dias; Valka Alves, Ruy Jose; Peng, Yan-Qiong; et al.
2017
Source PublicationBIOSCIENCE JOURNAL
Volume33Issue:1Pages:177-182
AbstractFicus religiosa L. is one of the most valued cultivated ornamental fig trees. Native to Asia, it is known as Bodhi tree. Since fig trees are involved in a highly species-specific pollination mutualism with agaonid wasps, exotic fig species usually fail to produce seeds due to the lack of the specific pollinating wasps. Since 2005 we have been observing plantlets of F. religiosa growing on buildings in Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil, showing that this species was hosting pollinating wasps and, consequently, undertaking sexual reproduction outside its native range. We observed that Platyscapa quadraticeps Mayr, 1885, the original pollinator in Asia, was occurring in figs of F. religiosa in Brazil. Considering that several non-pollinating fig wasp species are associated with F. religiosa in its native areas, novel occurrences of wasps may be reported in the future in Brazil. The presence of the native pollinator provides conditions for this exotic tree to become naturalized and/or invasive in Brazil, potentially causing considerable damage to buildings and urban trees.
KeywordAgaonidae Alien Species Fig Wasp Mutualism Pollination
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/10392
Collection协同进化组
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Machado Vianna-Filho, Marcelo Dias,Valka Alves, Ruy Jose,Peng, Yan-Qiong,et al. NATURALIZATION OF THE BODHI FIG TREE ( Ficus religiosa L. -Moraceae) IN BRAZIL[J]. BIOSCIENCE JOURNAL,2017,33(1):177-182.
APA Machado Vianna-Filho, Marcelo Dias,Valka Alves, Ruy Jose,Peng, Yan-Qiong,&et al..(2017).NATURALIZATION OF THE BODHI FIG TREE ( Ficus religiosa L. -Moraceae) IN BRAZIL.BIOSCIENCE JOURNAL,33(1),177-182.
MLA Machado Vianna-Filho, Marcelo Dias,et al."NATURALIZATION OF THE BODHI FIG TREE ( Ficus religiosa L. -Moraceae) IN BRAZIL".BIOSCIENCE JOURNAL 33.1(2017):177-182.
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