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title: Rubber and pulp plantations represent a double threat to Hainan's natural tropical forests
author: Zhai, De-Li;  Cannon, Charles H.;  Slik, J. W. Ferry;  Zhang, Cui-Ping;  Dai, Zhi-Cong
Issued Date: 2012
Abstract: Hainan, the largest tropical island in China, belongs to the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot and harbors large areas of tropical forests, particularly in the uplands. The Changhua watershed is the cradle of Hainan's main river and a center of endemism for plants and birds. The watershed contains great habitat diversity and is an important conservation area. We analyzed the impact of rubber and pulp plantations on the distribution and area of tropical forest in the watershed, using remote sensing analysis of Landsat images from 1988, 1995 and 2005. From 1988 to 1995, natural forest increased in area (979-1040 sq km) but decreased rapidly (763 sq km) over the next decade. Rubber plantations increased steadily through the study period while pulp plantations appeared after 1995 but occupied 152 sq km by 2005. Rubber and pulp plantations displace different types of natural forest and do not replace one another. Because pulp is not as profitable as rubber and existing pulp processing capacity greatly exceeds local supply, considerable pressure exists on remaining upland forests. We recommend for future management that these plantation forests be reclassified as 'industrial', making a clear policy distinction between natural and industrial forestry. Additionally, the local government should work to enforce existing laws preventing forest conversion on marginal and protected areas. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Related URLs: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.10.011
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Recommended Citation:
Zhai, De-Li,Cannon, Charles H.,Slik, J. W. Ferry,et al. Rubber And Pulp Plantations Represent A Double Threat To Hainan's Natural Tropical Forests[J]. Journal Of Environmental Management,2012,96(1):64-73.

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