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title: Different hydraulic traits of woody plants from tropical forests with contrasting soil water availability
author: Zhu, Shi-Dan;  Chen, Ya-Jun;  Fu, Pei-Li;  Cao, Kun-Fang
Issued Date: 2017
Abstract: In southwestern China, tropical karst forests (KF) and non-karst rain forests (NKF) have different species composition and forest structure owing to contrasting soil water availability, but with a few species that occur in both forests. Plant hydraulic traits are important for understanding the species' distribution patterns in these two forest types, but related studies are rare. In this study, we investigated hydraulic conductivity, vulnerability to drought-induced cavitation and wood anatomy of 23 abundant and typical woody species from a KF and a neighboring NKF, as well as two Bauhinia liana species common to both forests. We found that the KF species tended to have higher sapwood density, smaller vessel diameter, lower specific hydraulic conductivity (k(s)) and leaf to sapwood area ratio, and were more resistant to cavitation than NKF species. Across the 23 species distinctly occurring in either KF or NKF, there was a significant tradeoff between hydraulic efficiency and safety, which might be an underlying mechanism for distributions of these species across the two forests. Interestingly, by possessing rather large and long vessels, the two Bauhinia liana species had extremely high k(s) but were also high resistance to cavitation (escaping hydraulic tradeoff). This might be partially due to their distinctly dimorphic vessels, but contribute to their wide occurrence in both forests.
Related URLs: 10.1093/treephys/tpx094
Appears in Collections:植物生理生态研究组_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Zhu, Shi-Dan,Chen, Ya-Jun,Fu, Pei-Li,et al. Different Hydraulic Traits Of Woody Plants From Tropical Forests With Contrasting Soil Water Availability[J]. Tree Physiology,2017,37(11):1469-1477.

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