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title: Host-specificity of symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi for enhancing seed germination, protocorm formation and seedling development of over-collected medicinal orchid, Dendrobium devonianum
author: Huang, Hui;  Zi, Xiao-Meng;  Lin, Hua;  Gao, Jiang-Yun
Issued Date: 2018
Abstract: All orchids maintain an obligate relationship with mycorrhizal symbionts during seed germination. In most cases, germination-enhancing fungi have been isolated from roots of mature plants for conservation and cultivation purposes. To understand the germination biology of Dendrobium devonianum, an over-collected medicinal orchid, the seeds of D. devonianum were inoculated with a fungal strain (FDd1) isolated from naturally occurring protocorms of D. devonianum and two other germination-enhancing fungal strains (FDaI7 and FCb4) from D. aphyllum and Cymbidium mannii, respectively. The fungal strain was isolated from five protocorms of D. devonianum and identified as a species of the genus Epulorhiza. In germination trials, treatments with all of the three fungal strains showed a significant promoting effect on seed germination and protocorm formation, compared with the control treatment (no inoculation). However, FDd1 fungal strain showed the greatest effectiveness followed by FDaI7 and FCb4. For all inoculation and control treatments, seeds developed to protocorms regardless of the presence of illumination, whereas protocorms did not develop to seedlings unless illumination was provided. The results of our manipulative experiments confirmed the hypothesis that mycorrhizae associated with orchid seedlings are highly host-specific, and the degree of specificity may be life stagespecific under in vitro conditions. The specific mycorrhizal symbionts from protocorms can enhance restoration efforts and the conservation of orchids such as D. devonianum.
Related URLs: 10.1007/s12275-018-7225-1
Appears in Collections:濒危植物迁地保护与再引种研究组_期刊论文

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全文许可: Creative Commons 署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 3.0

Recommended Citation:
Huang, Hui,Zi, Xiao-Meng,Lin, Hua,et al. Host-specificity Of Symbiotic Mycorrhizal Fungi For Enhancing Seed Germination, Protocorm Formation And Seedling Development Of Over-collected Medicinal Orchid, Dendrobium Devonianum[J]. Journal Of Microbiology,2018,56(1):42-48.

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