XTBG OpenIR  > 其他
The recent and rapid spread of Themeda triandra
Dunning, Luke T.; Liabot, Anne-Lise; Olofsson, Jill K.; Smith, Emma K.; Vorontsova, Maria S.; Besnard, Guillaume; Simpson, Kimberley J.; Lundgren, Marjorie R.; Addicott, Eda; Gallagher, Rachael V.; Chu, Yingying; Pennington, R. Toby; Christin, Pascal-Antoine; Lehmann, Caroline E. R.
Source PublicationBOTANY LETTERS
AbstractTropical savannas cover over 20% of land surface. They sustain a high diversity of mammalian herbivores and promote frequent fires, both of which are dependent on the underlying grass composition. These habitats are typically dominated by relatively few taxa, and the evolutionary origins of the dominant grass species are largely unknown. Here, we trace the origins of the genus Themeda, which contains a number of widespread grass species dominating tropical savannas. Complete chloroplast genomes were assembled for seven samples and supplemented with chloroplast and nuclear ITS markers for 71 samples representing 18 of the 27 Themeda species. Phylogenetic analysis supports a South Asian origin for both the genus and the widespread dominant T. triandra. This species emerged similar to 1.5 Ma from a group that had lived in the savannas of Asia for several million years. It migrated to Australia similar to 1.3 Ma and to mainland Africa similar to 0.5 Ma, where it rapidly spread in pre-existing savannas and displaced other species. Themeda quadrivalvis, the second most widespread Themeda species, is nested within T. triandra based on whole chloroplast genomes, and may represent a recent evolution of an annual growth form that is otherwise almost indistinguishable from T. triandra. The recent spread and modernday dominance of T. triandra highlight the dynamism of tropical grassy biomes over millennial time-scales that has not been appreciated, with dramatic shifts in species dominance in recent evolutionary times. The ensuing species replacements likely had profound effects on fire and herbivore regimes across tropical savannas.
KeywordBiogeography C-4 Grassland Savanna Evolution Molecular Dating Themeda Triandra
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Dunning, Luke T.,Liabot, Anne-Lise,Olofsson, Jill K.,et al. The recent and rapid spread of Themeda triandra[J]. BOTANY LETTERS,2017,164(4):327-337.
APA Dunning, Luke T..,Liabot, Anne-Lise.,Olofsson, Jill K..,Smith, Emma K..,Vorontsova, Maria S..,...&Lehmann, Caroline E. R..(2017).The recent and rapid spread of Themeda triandra.BOTANY LETTERS,164(4),327-337.
MLA Dunning, Luke T.,et al."The recent and rapid spread of Themeda triandra".BOTANY LETTERS 164.4(2017):327-337.
Files in This Item: Download All
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
The recent and rapid(2146KB) 开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Download
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Dunning, Luke T.]'s Articles
[Liabot, Anne-Lise]'s Articles
[Olofsson, Jill K.]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Dunning, Luke T.]'s Articles
[Liabot, Anne-Lise]'s Articles
[Olofsson, Jill K.]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Dunning, Luke T.]'s Articles
[Liabot, Anne-Lise]'s Articles
[Olofsson, Jill K.]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: The recent and rapid spread of Themeda triandra.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
This file does not support browsing at this time
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.