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Tree-to-tree variation in seed size and its consequences for seed dispersal versus predation by rodents
Wang, Bo; Ives, Anthony R.
2017
Source PublicationOECOLOGIA
Volume183Issue:3Pages:751-762
AbstractIndividual variation in seed size and seed production is high in many plant species. How does this variation affect seed-dispersing animals and, in turn, the fitness of individual plants? In this study, we first surveyed intraspecific variation in seed mass and production in a population of a Chinese white pine, Pinus armandii. For 134 target trees investigated in 2012, there was very high variation in seed size, with mean seed mass varying among trees almost tenfold, from 0.038 to 0.361 g. Furthermore, 30 of the 134 trees produced seeds 2 years later, and for these individuals there was a correlation in seed mass of 0.59 between years, implying consistent differences among individuals. For a subset of 67 trees, we monitored the foraging preferences of scatter-hoarding rodents on a total of 15,301 seeds: 8380 were ignored, 3184 were eaten in situ, 2651 were eaten after being cached, and 395 were successfully dispersed (cached and left intact). At the scale of individual seeds, seed mass affected almost every decision that rodents made to eat, remove, and cache individual seeds. At the level of individual trees, larger seeds had increased probabilities of both predation and successful dispersal: the effects of mean seed size on costs (predation) and benefits (caching) balanced out. Thus, despite seed size affecting rodent decisions, variation among trees in dispersal success associated with mean seed size was small once seeds were harvested. This might explain, at least in part, the maintenance of high variation in mean seed mass among tree individuals.
Department其他
KeywordCache Individual Variation Scatter Hoarding Seed Production Species Interaction
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/10779
Collection其他
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Bo,Ives, Anthony R.. Tree-to-tree variation in seed size and its consequences for seed dispersal versus predation by rodents[J]. OECOLOGIA,2017,183(3):751-762.
APA Wang, Bo,&Ives, Anthony R..(2017).Tree-to-tree variation in seed size and its consequences for seed dispersal versus predation by rodents.OECOLOGIA,183(3),751-762.
MLA Wang, Bo,et al."Tree-to-tree variation in seed size and its consequences for seed dispersal versus predation by rodents".OECOLOGIA 183.3(2017):751-762.
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