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title: Transition from abstract thermodynamic concepts to perceivable ecological indicators
author: Lin, Hua;  Zhang, Houlei;  Song, Qinghai
Issued Date: 2018
Abstract: Entropy and exergy are the central concepts in thermodynamics, and many researchers have used them to characterize ecosystem development. However, these concepts are very abstract to outsiders. Direct measurements of the indicators related to entropy and exergy are difficult and involve large errors. Schneider and Kay (1994) bridged thermodynamic concepts, i.e., entropy and exergy, with perceivable ecological indicators, i.e., canopy surface temperature (T-surf) and net radiation (R-n) in their maximum exergy destruction principle. However, the connection between entropy and exergy with T-surf and R-n was based on the similarity between the ecosystem and the Benard cell, and not on thermodynamic reasoning. Considering the coherence of entropy production and exergy destruction, we analyzed the relationship between entropy production and T-surf and R-n, based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and verified it using long-term monitoring data of a tropical seasonal rain forest. We demonstrated that total entropy production (exergy destruction) linearly increased with increasing R-n and decreasing T-surf theoretically. Empirical data showed that the total entropy production increased, whereas specific entropy production decreased during the growing season. This indicates that plant growth can enhance exergy conversion efficiency. R-n, T-surf and related indicators can be used as surrogates for thermodynamic indicators to measure ecosystem status and development. The bridge between thermodynamic concepts and measurable ecological indicators will improve the application of thermodynamics in ecology studies and the understanding of thermodynamic processes in ecosystem.
Related URLs: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.01.001
Appears in Collections:2012年后新成立研究组_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Lin, Hua,Zhang, Houlei,Song, Qinghai. Transition From Abstract Thermodynamic Concepts To Perceivable Ecological Indicators[J]. Ecological Indicators,2018,88(X):37-42.

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