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title: Gibbons (Nomascus gabriellae) provide key seed dispersal for the Pacific walnut (Dracontomelon dao), in Asia's lowland tropical forest
author: Bach Thanh Hai;  Chen, Jin;  McConkey, Kim R.;  Dayananda, Salindra K.
Issued Date: 2018
Abstract: Understanding the mutualisms between frugivores and plants is essential for developing successful forest management and conservation strategies, especially in tropical rainforests where the majority of plants are dispersed by animals. Gibbons are among the most effective seed dispersers in South East Asia's tropical forests, but are also one of the highly threatened arboreal mammals in the region. Here we studied the seed dispersal of the Pacific walnut (Dracontomelon dao), a canopy tree which produces fruit that are common in the diet of the endangered southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae). We found that gibbons were the most effective disperser for this species; they consumed approximately 45% of the fruit crop, which was four times more than that consumed by macaques - the only other legitimate disperser. Gibbons tracked the temporal (but not spatial) abundance of ripe fruits, indicating this fruit was a preferred species for the gibbon. Both gibbons and macaques dispersed the majority (> 90%) of the seeds at least 20 m away from parent crowns, with mean dispersal distances by gibbons measuring 179.3 +/- 98.0 m (range: 4-425 m). Seeds defecated by gibbons germinated quicker and at greater rates than seeds spat by macaques, or in undispersed fruits. Gibbon-dispersed seeds were also more likely to be removed by unknown seed predators or unknown secondary dispersers. Overall, gibbons play a key role in the regeneration of the Pacific walnut. Our findings have significant implications both for the management of the Pacific walnut tree dominating tropical rainforest as well as the reintroduction program of the Southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon.
Related URLs: 10.1016/j.actao.2018.03.011
Appears in Collections:动植物关系组_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Bach Thanh Hai,Chen, Jin,McConkey, Kim R.,et al. Gibbons (nomascus Gabriellae) Provide Key Seed Dispersal For The Pacific Walnut (dracontomelon Dao), In Asia's Lowland Tropical Forest[J]. Acta Oecologica-international Journal Of Ecology,2018,88(X):71-79.

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