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Effect of elevated CO2 on litter functional traits, mass loss and nutrient release of two subtropical species in free air carbon enrichment facility
Rai, Apurva2; Singh, Ashutosh Kumar1; Singh, Nandita; Ghoshal, Nandita2
2020
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY
ISSN0098-8472
Volume172Pages:-
AbstractAssessing the impact of increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) on nutrient cycling requires understanding of the relationship between the concentration of CO2 and litter dynamics. It is, therefore necessary to understand leaf litter traits in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Variations in plant litter chemistry under elevated carbon dioxide (e - CO2) are the critical factors in ecosystem feedback. Litter fall, litter substrate quality, nutrient flux and decay rate in two tropical tree of Tectona grandis (Teak) and Butea monospemsa (Butea) were examined. Saplings were exposed to elevated CO2 treatment (e - CO2 -550 ppm) and ambient CO2 (a - CO2; - 395 ppm) in the FACE (Free air CO2 enrichment) facility in CSIR- National Botanical Research Institute in Indo-Gangetic plain region. Litter was analysed for concentrations of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), soluble sugars (SS), lipids, lignin, cellulose, hemi-cellulose (HC) and C-based defensive compounds; soluble phenolics (SP). Nutrient concentration in naturally senesced litter for Butea and Teak was significantly different in elevated and ambient rings. Elevated CO2 significantly increased C/N (+ 8.27 % and + 21.94 %), lowered mean litter N concentration (-3.27 % and -12.15 %), and affected the concentrations of soluble sugars, soluble phenolic and lipids in leaf litter of Butea and Teak plantations, respectively. Increase in litter biomass production (+ 19.75 % and 22.84 %) for both the plants under e - CO2, resulted in significant increase in the flux of N, SS, SP and lipid in to the soil. Elevated CO2 increased cellulose (+18.21 %; 12.30 %), hemicellulose (+8.48 %; +10.18 %) and lignin inputs to soils (+ 35.22; + 43.36 %) in Butea and Teak plantation respectively. The study indicated that changes in litter biomass production and litter substrate quality during exposure to e - CO2 could significantly alter the input of nitrogen, soluble phenolic, soluble sugars, lipids, cellulose, and lignin to soils, and so also the biogeochemical cycle of the prevailing ecosystem.
KeywordElevated CO2 Tropical forest Litter Butea Teak Face Lignin Cellulose Phenol
Subject AreaPlant Sciences ; Environmental Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.envexpbot.2020.103994
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000518704100009
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/11661
Collection2012年后新成立研究组
Affiliation1.CSIR Natl Bot Res Inst, Plant Ecol & Environm Sci Div, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Ecohydrol Res Grp, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Banaras Hindu Univ, Dept Bot, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rai, Apurva,Singh, Ashutosh Kumar,Singh, Nandita,et al. Effect of elevated CO2 on litter functional traits, mass loss and nutrient release of two subtropical species in free air carbon enrichment facility[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY,2020,172:-.
APA Rai, Apurva,Singh, Ashutosh Kumar,Singh, Nandita,&Ghoshal, Nandita.(2020).Effect of elevated CO2 on litter functional traits, mass loss and nutrient release of two subtropical species in free air carbon enrichment facility.ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY,172,-.
MLA Rai, Apurva,et al."Effect of elevated CO2 on litter functional traits, mass loss and nutrient release of two subtropical species in free air carbon enrichment facility".ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY 172(2020):-.
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