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The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia
Ng, Li Shuen; Campos-Arceiz, Ahimsa; Sloan, Sean4,5; Hughes, Alice C.; Tiang, Darrel Chin Fung; Li, Binbin, V6,8; Lechner, Alex M.
2020
Source PublicationBIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION
ISSN0006-3207
Volume248Pages:-
AbstractThe Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the largest infrastructure development in human history. Given its scale of influence and infrastructure undertakings, it is set to bring far-reaching environmental impacts to regions such as Southeast Asia, one of the biologically richest and most diverse regions in the world. Knowing where and what biodiversity BRI will potentially affect is crucial to plan and address its negative impacts. Using BRI transport infrastructure spatial data, we conducted a GIS analysis of the potential BRI impacts in Southeast Asia on terrestrial and marine biodiversity indicators, including protected areas (PAs), Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), terrestrial ecoregions, forest cover, threatened species, and fragile ecosystems such as seagrasses, mangroves, and coral reefs. We assessed the potential impacts across four key distance thresholds (1, 5, 25, and 50 km "impact zones") on either side of the routes. For the terrestrial routes we assessed impacts for five different types of linear rail and road infrastructure development. Within 1 km of all routes 32 PAs, 40 KBAs and 29 ecoregions are intersected. While, 142 threatened species including 26 critically endangered species are within 5 km from new rail, which are also commonly found in frontier landscapes. In marine ecosystems 20 marine PAs and 16 KBAs are intersected by BRI marine routes. We conclude by discussing ways BRI could minimise its environmental impacts and utilise its political weight to advance conservation efforts in host nations.
KeywordBelt and Road Initiative Silk road Maritime Silk Road Infrastructure development Biodiversity impacts Biodiversity conservation Key biodiversity areas
Subject AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
DOI10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108691
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000556843900045
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/11789
Collection2012年后新成立研究组
Affiliation1.[Ng, Li Shuen; Campos-Arceiz, Ahimsa; Tiang, Darrel Chin Fung; Lechner, Alex M.] Univ Nottingham Malaysia, Sch Environm & Geog Sci, Semenyih 43500, Malaysia
2.Ng, Li Shuen; Campos-Arceiz, Ahimsa; Tiang, Darrel Chin Fung; Lechner, Alex M.] Univ Nottingham Malaysia, Mindset Interdisciplinary Ctr Environm Studies, Jalan Braga, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Southeast Asia Biodivers Res Inst, Yezin 05282, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
4.Hughes, Alice C.] Chinese Acad Sci, Landscape Ecol Grp, Ctr Integrat Conservat, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Xishuangbanna 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.Australian Natl Univ, Coll Sci, Fenner Sch Environm & Soc, Canberra, ACT, Australia
6.James Cook Univ, Ctr Trop Environm & Sustainabil Sci, Coll Sci & Engn, Cairns, Qld 4870, Australia
7.Duke Kunshan Univ, Environm Res Ctr, Kunshan 215316, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
8.Lechner, Alex M.] Univ Lincoln, Lincoln Ctr Water & Planetary Hlth, Lincoln LN6 7TS, England
9.Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ng, Li Shuen,Campos-Arceiz, Ahimsa,Sloan, Sean,et al. The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia[J]. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION,2020,248:-.
APA Ng, Li Shuen.,Campos-Arceiz, Ahimsa.,Sloan, Sean.,Hughes, Alice C..,Tiang, Darrel Chin Fung.,...&Lechner, Alex M..(2020).The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia.BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION,248,-.
MLA Ng, Li Shuen,et al."The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia".BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 248(2020):-.
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