XTBG OpenIR  > 2012年后新成立研究组
Spatiotemporal maintenance of flora in the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot: Current knowledge and future perspectives
Wambulwa, Moses C.; Milne, Richard3; Wu, Zeng-Yuan; Spicer, Robert A.; Provan, Jim6; Luo, Ya-Huang; Zhu, Guang-Fu; Wang, Wan-Ting; Wang, Hong; Gao, Lian-Ming; Li, De-Zhu; Liu, Jie1
2021
Source PublicationECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
ISSN2045-7758
Volume11Issue:16Pages:10794-10812
Abstract

Mountain ecosystems support a significant one-third of all terrestrial biodiversity, but our understanding of the spatiotemporal maintenance of this high biodiversity remains poor, or at best controversial. The Himalaya hosts a complex mountain ecosystem with high topographic and climatic heterogeneity and harbors one of the world's richest floras. The high species endemism, together with increasing anthropogenic threats, has qualified the Himalaya as one of the most significant global biodiversity hotspots. The topographic and climatic complexity of the Himalaya makes it an ideal natural laboratory for studying the mechanisms of floral exchange, diversification, and spatiotemporal distributions. Here, we review literature pertaining to the Himalaya in order to generate a concise synthesis of the origin, distribution, and climate change responses of the Himalayan flora. We found that the Himalaya supports a rich biodiversity and that the Hengduan Mountains supplied the majority of the Himalayan floral elements, which subsequently diversified from the late Miocene onward, to create today's relatively high endemicity in the Himalaya. Further, we uncover links between this Miocene diversification and the joint effect of geological and climatic upheavals in the Himalaya. There is marked variance regarding species dispersal, elevational gradients, and impact of climate change among plant species in the Himalaya, and our review highlights some of the general trends and recent advances on these aspects. Finally, we provide some recommendations for conservation planning and future research. Our work could be useful in guiding future research in this important ecosystem and will also provide new insights into the maintenance mechanisms underpinning other mountain systems.

Keywordbiodiversity hotspot climate change elevational gradient Himalayan flora mountain ecosystem spatiotemporal diversification
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
DOI10.1002/ece3.7906
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000674068000001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/12327
Collection2012年后新成立研究组
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, CAS Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Germplasm Bank Wild Species, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Wambulwa, Moses C.] South Eastern Kenya Univ, Sch Pure & Appl Sci, Dept Life Sci, Kitui, Kenya
4.Univ Edinburgh, Sch Biol Sci, Inst Mol Plant Sci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
5.Spicer, Robert A.] Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Xishuangbanna, Peoples R China
6.Spicer, Robert A.] Open Univ, Sch Environm Earth & Ecosyst Sci, Milton Keynes, Bucks, England
7.Aberystwyth Univ, Inst Biol Environm & Rural Sci, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
8.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Coll Life Sci, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wambulwa, Moses C.,Milne, Richard,Wu, Zeng-Yuan,et al. Spatiotemporal maintenance of flora in the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot: Current knowledge and future perspectives[J]. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,2021,11(16):10794-10812.
APA Wambulwa, Moses C..,Milne, Richard.,Wu, Zeng-Yuan.,Spicer, Robert A..,Provan, Jim.,...&Liu, Jie.(2021).Spatiotemporal maintenance of flora in the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot: Current knowledge and future perspectives.ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,11(16),10794-10812.
MLA Wambulwa, Moses C.,et al."Spatiotemporal maintenance of flora in the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot: Current knowledge and future perspectives".ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 11.16(2021):10794-10812.
Files in This Item: Download All
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Spatiotemporal maint(2089KB)期刊论文作者接受稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Download
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Wambulwa, Moses C.]'s Articles
[Milne, Richard]'s Articles
[Wu, Zeng-Yuan]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Wambulwa, Moses C.]'s Articles
[Milne, Richard]'s Articles
[Wu, Zeng-Yuan]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Wambulwa, Moses C.]'s Articles
[Milne, Richard]'s Articles
[Wu, Zeng-Yuan]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: Spatiotemporal maintenance of flora in the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot_Current knowledge and future perspectives.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
This file does not support browsing at this time
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.