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title: Effectiveness of Nature Reserve System for Conserving Tropical Forests: A Statistical Evaluation of Hainan Island, China
author: Wang, W;  Pechacek, P;  Zhang, MX;  Xiao, NW;  Zhu, JG;  Li, JS
Issued Date: 2013
Abstract: Evaluating the effectiveness of existing nature reserve systems for the conservation of tropical forests is an urgent task to save the remaining biodiversity. Here, we tested the effectiveness of the reserve system on Hainan Island by conducting a three-way comparison of changes in forest area in locations within the reserves, adjacent to the reserves, and far outside of the reserves. We used a general linear model to control for the effects of covariates (historical forest area, elevation, slope, and distance to nearest roads), which may also be correlated with the changes in forest area, to better explain the effectiveness of the reserve system. From 2000 to 2010, the forest area inside Hainan's nature reserve system showed an increase while adjacent unprotected areas and the wider, unprotected landscape both experienced deforestation. However, the simple inside-outside comparisons may overestimate the protective effect of the reserve system. Most nature reserves (>60%) showed increasing fragmentation. And the risk of rapid deforestation remained high at low elevations, where remaining forests tend to be easily logged and converted to commercial plantations. Future conservation efforts should pay more attention to those sites with less challenging environmental conditions.
Source: PLOS ONE
Content Type: 期刊论文
preflabel: Protected areas;  Reserves;  rain forest;  Species diversity;  Gap analysis;  Degradation (chemical);  Deterioration;  Protected areas;  Biodiversity;  Dynamics;  recovery
altLabel: Reserves (Protected areas);  Nature reserves;  Parks;  agricultural reserves;  conservation areas;  demonstration areas;  environmental areas;  forest reserves;  game management areas;  hunting reserves;  management areas (reserves);  natural areas;  palm tree reserves;  preserves;  primitive areas;  reservations (nature sites);  roadless areas;  sanctuaries (wildlife);  wildlife areas;  wildlife refuges;  wildlife reserves;  RESERVEN;  RESERVES (FRANCAIS);  VORRAETE;  Potential resources;  Diversity, Species;  Richness, Species;  Species richness;  Community diversity;  Ecological diversity;  Similarity indices;  species composition;  Diversity index;  Similarity index;  Composition (species);  Check lists;  化学降解;  Chemical degradation;  Degradation;  chemical breakdown;  corrosion;  degradation, chemical;  DETERIORATION (FRANCAIS);  ZERSETZUNG;  decay;  劣化;  Decomposition;  分解;  降解;  Decomposing;  Reserves (Protected areas);  Nature reserves;  Parks;  County parks;  Parklands;  Provincial parks;  Regional parks;  State parks;  arboretums;  botanical gardens;  commemorative areas;  commons;  gardens;  marine parks;  national forests;  national parks;  national seashores;  park gates;  picnic areas;  playgrounds;  public use areas;  recreation areas;  rest areas;  scenic areas;  state forests;  urban parks;  village squares;  wilderness areas;  zoological gardens;  zoos;  Public gardens;  Playing fields;  Marine reserves;  Biological diversification;  Biological diversity;  Biotic diversity;  Diversification, Biological;  Diversity, Biological;  Ecosystem diversity;  Habitat diversity;  diversity (biological);  genetic diversity;  agrobiodiversity;  动力学;  Dynamical systems;  Kinetics;  Motion;  Mechanics, Analytic;  Analytical mechanics;  robot dynamics;  动理学;  机器人动力学;  CINETIQUES;  KINETIK;  REACTION RATES;  robot motion;  回收;  polygonisation;  POLYGONIZATION;  POLYGONISATION (FRANCAIS);  RECOVERY (ANNEALING);  ERHOLUNG (GLUEHUNG);  RESTAURATION (RECUIT);  RECOVERY (HYDROMETALLURGY);  RECUPERATION (HYDROMETALLURGIE);  RUECKGEWINNUNG (NASSMETALLURGIE);  RECOVERY (METAL);  PERCENT RECOVERY;  RECUPERATION;  RUECKGEWINNUNG (METALLE);  RECOVERY (WASTES);  RECUPERATION (DECHETS);  RUECKGEWINNUNG (ABFAELLE);  Recovery of equipment;  Recovery of lost or stolen library materials
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Recommended Citation:
Wang, W,Pechacek, P,Zhang, MX,et al. Effectiveness Of Nature Reserve System For Conserving Tropical Forests: A Statistical Evaluation Of Hainan Island, China[J]. Plos One,2013,8(2):E57561.

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