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title: Tail-like anther crest aids pollination by manipulating pollinator's behaviour in a wild ginger
author: Fan, Yong-Li;  Li, Qing-Jun
Issued Date: 2016
Abstract: Innovative floral organs are widely distributed taxonomically in angiosperms, and some of them are conspicuous and curious in morphology. Floral organs have long been supposed to play a crucial role in fertilization by pollinators. However, why innovative organs occur, how they are adapted for pollinators and what sexual roles they play are still puzzling. Here we focused on a wild ginger (Zingiber densissimum, Zingiberaceae) and tested the function of the curious anther crest, an innovative floral structure widely distributed in Zingiberaceae. The anther crest is a specialized anther appendage that extends up from the top of the anther to form a tail-like structure, about 150% as long as the anther. We found this structure promoted both the male and the female functions of plants by manipulating its pollinators and causing pollinators to adopt a position ideal for pollen removal and receipt. This study provides a novel example of structure adaptation in which both the male and the female functions are enhanced by resource allocation on a male organ, expanding the knowledge of the sexual roles of the anther appendage.
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Recommended Citation:
Fan, Yong-Li,Li, Qing-Jun. Tail-like Anther Crest Aids Pollination By Manipulating Pollinator's Behaviour In A Wild Ginger[J]. Scientific Reports,2016,6(22340).

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