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title: Both Palatable and Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors to Signal Difficulty of Capture to Predators
author: Pinheiro, C. E. G.;  Freitas, A. V. L.;  Campos, V. C.;  DeVries, P. J.;  Penz, C. M.
Issued Date: 2016
Abstract: Birds are able to recognize and learn to avoid attacking unpalatable, chemically defended butterflies after unpleasant experiences with them. It has also been suggested that birds learn to avoid prey that are efficient at escaping. This, however, remains poorly documented. Here, we argue that butterflies may utilize a variety of escape tactics against insectivorous birds and review evidence that birds avoid attacking butterflies that are hard to catch. We suggest that signaling difficulty of capture to predators is a widespread phenomenon in butterflies, and this ability may not be limited to palatable butterflies. The possibility that both palatable and unpalatable species signal difficulty of capture has not been fully explored, but helps explain the existence of aposematic coloration and escape mimicry in butterflies lacking defensive chemicals. This possibility may also change the role that putative Mullerian and Batesian mimics play in a variety of classical mimicry rings, thus opening new perspectives in the evolution of mimicry in butterflies.
Source: NEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY
Related URLs: 10.1007/s13744-015-0359-5
Appears in Collections:文献共享_期刊论文

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全文许可: Creative Commons 署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 3.0

Recommended Citation:
Pinheiro, C. E. G.,Freitas, A. V. L.,Campos, V. C.,et al. Both Palatable And Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors To Signal Difficulty Of Capture To Predators[J]. Neotropical Entomology,2016,45(2):107-113.

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