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Both Palatable and Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors to Signal Difficulty of Capture to Predators
Pinheiro, C. E. G.; Freitas, A. V. L.; Campos, V. C.; DeVries, P. J.; Penz, C. M.
2016
Source PublicationNEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY
ISSN1519-566X
Volume45Issue:2Pages:107-113
AbstractBirds are able to recognize and learn to avoid attacking unpalatable, chemically defended butterflies after unpleasant experiences with them. It has also been suggested that birds learn to avoid prey that are efficient at escaping. This, however, remains poorly documented. Here, we argue that butterflies may utilize a variety of escape tactics against insectivorous birds and review evidence that birds avoid attacking butterflies that are hard to catch. We suggest that signaling difficulty of capture to predators is a widespread phenomenon in butterflies, and this ability may not be limited to palatable butterflies. The possibility that both palatable and unpalatable species signal difficulty of capture has not been fully explored, but helps explain the existence of aposematic coloration and escape mimicry in butterflies lacking defensive chemicals. This possibility may also change the role that putative Mullerian and Batesian mimics play in a variety of classical mimicry rings, thus opening new perspectives in the evolution of mimicry in butterflies.
KeywordOverwintering Monarch Butterflies Neotropical Rain-forest Tyrant Flycatchers Locomotor Mimicry Foraging Behavior Wing Coloration Evasive Mimicry Lepidoptera Birds Escape
Subject AreaEntomology
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/9739
Collection文献共享
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pinheiro, C. E. G.,Freitas, A. V. L.,Campos, V. C.,et al. Both Palatable and Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors to Signal Difficulty of Capture to Predators[J]. NEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY,2016,45(2):107-113.
APA Pinheiro, C. E. G.,Freitas, A. V. L.,Campos, V. C.,DeVries, P. J.,&Penz, C. M..(2016).Both Palatable and Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors to Signal Difficulty of Capture to Predators.NEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY,45(2),107-113.
MLA Pinheiro, C. E. G.,et al."Both Palatable and Unpalatable Butterflies Use Bright Colors to Signal Difficulty of Capture to Predators".NEOTROPICAL ENTOMOLOGY 45.2(2016):107-113.
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