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title: Effects of Natural Enemy Biodiversity on the Suppression of Arthropod Herbivores in Terrestrial Ecosystems
author: Letourneau, Deborah K.;  Jedlicka, Julie A.;  Bothwell, Sara G.;  Moreno, Carlo R.
Issued Date: 2009
Abstract: Claims about the role of predator diversity in maintaining ecosystem function and providing ecosystem services such as pest control are controversial, but evaluative tests are beginning to accumulate. Empirical and experimental comparisons of species-rich versus species-poor assemblages of entomophagous arthropods and vertebrates range from strong suppression to facilitative release of herbivorous arthropod prey. Top-down control can be strengthened when natural enemies complement each other, dampened by negative interactions, balanced by both factors, and driven by single influential species. A meta-analytic synthesis shows a significant overall effect of enemy richness increasing top-down control of herbivores, which is consistent in agricultural studies conducted in tropical versus temperate zones, in studies using caged versus open-field designs, but not so in nonagricultural habitats. Synthetic analyses address theory and help set precautionary policy for conserving ecological services broadly, while characterizing uncertainty associated with herbivore response to changes in enemy diversity.
Related URLs: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.110308.120320
Appears in Collections:文献共享_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Letourneau, Deborah K.,Jedlicka, Julie A.,Bothwell, Sara G.,et al. Effects Of Natural Enemy Biodiversity On The Suppression Of Arthropod Herbivores In Terrestrial Ecosystems[J]. Annual Review Of Ecology Evolution And Systematics,2009,40:573-592.

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