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Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet
Steffen, Will; Richardson, Katherine; Rockstrom, Johan; Cornell, Sarah E.; Fetzer, Ingo; Bennett, Elena M.; Biggs, Reinette; Carpenter, Stephen R.; de Vries, Wim; de Wit, Cynthia A.; Folke, Carl; Gerten, Dieter; Heinke, Jens; Mace, Georgina M.; Persson, Linn M.; Ramanathan, Veerabhadran; Reyers, Belinda; Sorlin, Sverker
2015
Source PublicationSCIENCE
ISSN0036-8075
Volume347Issue:6223Pages:-
AbstractThe planetary boundaries framework defines a safe operating space for humanity based on the intrinsic biophysical processes that regulate the stability of the Earth system. Here, we revise and update the planetary boundary framework, with a focus on the underpinning biophysical science, based on targeted input from expert research communities and on more general scientific advances over the past 5 years. Several of the boundaries now have a two-tier approach, reflecting the importance of cross-scale interactions and the regional-level heterogeneity of the processes that underpin the boundaries. Two core boundaries-climate change and biosphere integrity-have been identified, each of which has the potential on its own to drive the Earth system into a new state should they be substantially and persistently transgressed.
KeywordEnvironmental Flow Requirements Early-warning Signals Safe Operating Space Functional Diversity Critical Transitions Nutrient Limitation Marine-environment Biodiversity Loss Climate Water
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xtbg.org.cn/handle/353005/9811
Collection文献共享
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Steffen, Will,Richardson, Katherine,Rockstrom, Johan,et al. Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet[J]. SCIENCE,2015,347(6223):-.
APA Steffen, Will.,Richardson, Katherine.,Rockstrom, Johan.,Cornell, Sarah E..,Fetzer, Ingo.,...&Sorlin, Sverker.(2015).Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet.SCIENCE,347(6223),-.
MLA Steffen, Will,et al."Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet".SCIENCE 347.6223(2015):-.
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