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title: Structure of a cellulose degrading bacterial community during anaerobic digestion
author: O'Sullivan, CA;  Burrell, PC;  Clarke, WP;  Blackall, LL
Issued Date: 2005
Abstract: It is widely accepted that cellulose is the rate-limiting substrate in the anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes and that cellulose solubilisation is largely mediated by surface attached bacteria. However, little is known about the identity or the ecophysiology of cellulolytic microorganisms from landfills and anaerobic digesters. The aim of this study was to investigate an enriched cellulolytic microbial community from an anaerobic batch reactor. Chemical oxygen demand balancing was used to calculate the cellulose solubilisation rate and the degree of cellulose solubilisation. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) was used to assess the relative abundance and physical location of three groups of bacteria belonging to the Clostridium lineage of the Firmicutes that have been implicated as the dominant cellulose degraders in this system. Quantitation of the relative abundance using FISH showed that there were changes in the microbial community structure throughout the digestion. However, comparison of these results to the process data reveals that these changes had no impact on the cellulose solubilisation in the reactor. The rate of cellulose solubilisation was approximately stable for much of the digestion despite changes in the cellulolytic population. The solubilisation rate appears to be most strongly affected by the rate of surface area colonisation and the biofilm architecture with the accepted model of first order kinetics due to surface area limitation applying only when the cellulose particles are fully covered with a thin layer of cells. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING
Related URLs: 10.1002/bit.20669
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Recommended Citation:
O'Sullivan, CA,Burrell, PC,Clarke, WP,et al. Structure Of A Cellulose Degrading Bacterial Community During Anaerobic Digestion[J]. Biotechnology And Bioengineering,2005,92(7):871-878.

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